Il multiculturalismo canadese: un modello perfetto?
Canadian multiculturalism: a perfect model?
Parole chiave:Canada, Multiculturalism, Trudeau, Québec, Toronto, Global Village
Canadian society was defined until the 1960s by a situation defined as “Two Solitudes”, where the English and French-Canadian communities lived in separation. In order to neutralize the pressure to translate this into a political project of two separate nations, Pierre Elliott Trudeau proposed a vision where Canada would become a bilingual country where French Canadians could feel at home. Since the 1980s, multiculturalism proved to be an effective tool in the integration of large and diverse migrant communities. It is a matter of pride for Canadians, who embraced the vision of Canadian Mosaic presenting it as an alternative to the Melting Pot model adopted by the neighboring United States. Multiculturalism is also criticized for nurturing the sense of belonging to cultures and communities outside Canada, standing in the way of effective integration and potentially encouraging a vision of society divided by ethnicity and race. Québec has unique challenges due to being the only Province with a majority of French Canadians, while Toronto is presented as the most successful example of Canadian multiculturalism.