«Tutto confluì a Parigi». Gli Alleati del Patto Tripartito – la Gran Bretagna, la Francia e l’Italia – avrebbero controllato la Turchia

«Tutto confluì a Parigi». The Allies of the Tripartite Agreement - Great Britain, France and Italy - would have controlled Turkey


  • Valentina Sommella

Parole chiave:

Tripartite Agreement, Italian-French relations, Turkey, Italian foreign policy, History of International Relations


Based on documents from the Historical Diplomatic Archive of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (ASMAE), the essay analyzes the Tripartite Agreement between France, Great Britain and Italy which defined the reciprocal spheres of influence in Turkey. The Agreement was proposed by the British Foreign Minister Lord George Curzon in mid-February 1920. The Tripartite Agreement was intended to secure the privileges negotiated among the Allies and envisioned a primary economic role of Italy in southern Anatolia, of France in Cilicia and in the portion of Kurdistan closer to Syria. Great Britain was dissatisfied with the final draft of the Agreement and called it «a good Franco-Italian deal without any [British] reward». Eventually President Mustafa Kemal resolutely opposed the partition of Anatolia.